Pipe bore diameter dating good things about dating ugly guys
From the later 19th century, manufacturer’s catalogues are also an important source for dating and identification..By their nature, clay pipes are relatively fragile and often of short life span, but would have varied according to its usage and how careful its owner was.Stem lengths varied but this tended to be in response to fashionable demands and so is not a reliable criterion for dating.Another method for dating clay pipes is by using identified manufacturer’s names or marks.
Others introduced innovations such as ‘fancies’ which were elaborately moulded pipes showing a variety of motifs ranging from abstract designs to heads, busts, zoomorphic shapes, armorial, well known personalities including royalty, etc.Fortunately, due to their durable nature and large quantities, clay pipe fragments are abundantly found to the advantage of the archaeologist and providing the collector with plenty of scope to acquire an interesting range of specimens.However, complete and undamaged pipes are scarcer but with patience those from the 1850’s or later can be found for sale but clay pipes earlier than that are much rarer.Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. The earliest pipes, dating to about 1600, had stems with 9/64-inch diameter bores.
By 1800 this diameter had decreased to 4/64 of an inch.This dating technique only applies to pipe stems manufactured in England between approximately 15.